Caius Julius Caesar, born 100 B, was opposed. As a young man, to the powerful dictator Sulla. He soon became a prominent figure amongst the aristocracy of Rome and in 59 BC he was elected consul after having formed the first Triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus”.
The years 58-50 BC were spent in almost continuous campaigning in Gaul and it was during this period that Caesar made his two expeditions to Britain. He defeated Pompey at Pharsalus in 48 BC and spent the next two years defeating the remnants of the Pompeian Party. He then returned to Rome undisputed master of the Roman world, but after only a short period of supreme power a conspiracy against his life was formed and he was assassinated on the Ides (15th) of March, 44 BC.
Few names in history ring with the familiarity of Julius Caesar, for he was one of the world’s most remarkable leaders. It’s impossible to tell how the course of history would have changed had Julius Caesar not fallen victim to a plot against his life on the Ides of March, 44 BC.
Caesar began his path to fame and power by leading an army against the Celtic tribes in Gaul (modern France). After narrowly escaping death on several occasions, Caesar conquered Gaul in the name of the Roman Republic, and then returned to Rome to advance on his own political career. He had only one goal: To gain supreme power and rule Rome as a dictator. Caesar was the first living Roman in to place his portrait on coins, which in some cases was accompanied by the inscription “Perpetual Dictator.” This particular coin, which shows an elephant trampling a serpent on the front and a display of priestly implements on the back, was struck to celebrate his remarkable victories in Gaul, which is represented by the serpent. His name, CAESAR, appears in bold letters on the front, where he was certain it could not be missed.