The Holy Land has long been a center for archeological discoveries. Ancient glass found there dates back to the Roman Period and may be as much as 2000 years old. Glass actually reached Rome via its makers, Syrian and Judaean craftsmen, many of whom were taken there as slaves. Hidden in the earth for hundreds of years glass objects developed distinctive qualities.
Oxide rich soil created natural vibrant blue/green colors in some pieces; prolonged exposure to damp surroundings caused patina formations on others, adding brilliant luster and unusual textures. Yet other glass antiquities, found near old ports, like caesarea, have a unique smoothness and clarity from centuries of sea washing.