Charles II was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1660 until 85, and his reign marked a period of relative stability after the upheaval of the english revolution.
Charles was born in London on May 29, 1630. He took his seat in the House of Lords in 1641 and held a nominal military command in the early campaigns of the first Civil War of the Wnglish Revolution. He later fled from England and went into exile at the Hague, the Netherlands, from where he made two attempts to save his father. On the execution of Charles I in 1649, Charles II assumed the title of king and was so proclaimed in Scotland and sections of Ireland and England. He attempted to take possession of the English throne, but his army was routed by Cromwell who ruled after charles I’s death, and after this battle Charles fled to France.
He spent eight years in exile in Europe. Following the death of Cromwell the demand for the restoration of royalty increased. In April of 1660 Charles announced his intention to accept a parliamentary government and to grant amnesty to his political opponents. A new parliament requested Charles to return and proclaimed him king on May 8, 1660. He landed at Dover on May 26 and was welcomed at Whitehall by parliament three days later.